The Chief architect of the Indian Constitution, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar passed away on 6th December 1956 that marks the 64th death anniversary of the legendary leader, economist, and educationist of India. This day is also observed as ‘Mahaparinirvan Diwas’ in India and people from stretches visit Global Vipassana Pagoda at Gorai, Mumbai, paying homage and introspecting this great human being.
Born in a Dalit family, he did not become an exception to the kind of ill-treatments that normally the low-caste genres get. So with no way left, he came out as a flag bearer of India’s Dalit Activism and included the Buddhist movement into it to fight against untouchable practices.
Emerged with the status of a Buddhist leader due to his immense contributions, his death is conferred as ‘Mahaparinirvan Diwas’ whose original reference comes from the death of Lord Buddha at the age of 80. In October 1956 he converted to Buddhism and died shortly. He always believed that Dalits could not get their rights till they remain in Hinduism.
Popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, contributed largely to the upliftment of the country that ranges from fighting against long-ranged social evils, education, economy, politics, and many more. A unique role that Babasaheb played in his time that becomes history. He was the only Satyagrahi in this entire world who upheld ‘Drinking Water’ as the prime reason for satyagraha. In 1927, he started this movement to grant the rights of drinking water to the untouchables from the public tanks in Maharashtra. From then, March 20 is celebrated as Social Empowerment Day in India.
Despite many restrictions and mistreatments for being Dalit, Ambedkar Ji procured master’s degrees in as many as 64 subjects. He received expertise in 9 languages and studied in different parts of the world for 21 years and was the first Indian who pursued a doctorate degree in ‘Doctor All Science’ from the London School of Economics. It is said that till now, no one has successfully grabbed this degree.
In his 65 years of life, Ambedkar Ji has truly described the meaning of ‘Quality of life is more important than Quantity of life’. He worked tremendously for the development of women and laborers in society. He bagged a number of famous movements like the Kalaram Temple Movement of 1930, etc. His initiatives for Dalits also reached the Second Round Table Conference of London where he demanded separate electorates for them. But, ultimately he signed the Poona Pact under the forceful impact of Mahatma Gandhi that outcast a separate electoral list for Dalits.
For the Independence of India, Babasaheb was appointed as the Chairman of the drafting committee of the Constitution and after attaining complete independence, he was made the law minister along with other important categories.
Apart from being magnificently educated, he was equally courageous which reflects from his several write-ups where he openly criticized the Hindu orthodox religious leaders, the paralyzed caste system, child marriage, and the mistreatments of Muslim women. His devotion and adherence to the nation will remain engraved forever that not only restricted to movements in the political arena but also in changing the lives of the sufferers.