The Ministry of Education has taken various steps during the pandemic to provide remote access to education for children, which are available to each category of students including SC/ST irrespective of their region or economic standard.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, mandates the Government to provide free and compulsory education to every child of the age 6 to 14 years in a neighborhood school.
PMeVidya is a comprehensive initiative that has been started, and it aims to unify all efforts related to digital/online/on-air education to enable multi-mode access to education. This initiative uses all forms of digital modes to provide wide access — DIKSHA (online), SWAYAM (online), SWAYAM PRABHA (TV), other TV Channels including the use of Doordarshan and AIR Networks.
To facilitate education through various modes, PRAGYATA guidelines were issued to States/UTs. Among other things, the guidelines include situations where internet connectivity is not available or available with very little bandwidth, resources are shared through various platforms like television, radio, etc. that do not depend on the internet.
For grades 1 to 12, an Alternate Academic Calendar has been prepared for learning solutions for all children with or without devices. Community radio, worksheets & textbooks supplied to the residence of learners, home visits by teachers, community classes, toll-free numbers, SMS-based requests for audio content, localized radio content for edutainment, etc. have been used.
The steps taken by all the states and UTs are shown in the India Report Digital Education June 2020.