Amit Shah, the ‘Chanakya’ of Indian politics and close associate of Prime Minister Narendra Modi held a number of portfolios in the state government during Modi’s tenure as Gujarat chief minister. Amit Shah rose to national prominence and was given the duty to be the party’s national president in July 2014. He implemented Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna, Ayushmann Bharat Yojna, PM Ujjwala Yojna to the vision of self-reliant India’.

The scrapping of Article 370 and the passage of bills like triple talaq and the CAA without having the required numbers in the Rajya Sabha is also attributed to Shah. He continues to function as the party’s de facto leader in the Upper House. On 5 August 2019, Shah moved a resolution to scrap Article 370 in the Rajya Sabha and divide the state of J&K into two, with J&K serving as one of the union territories, and Ladakh serving as a separate union territory.

On 19 November 2019, Shah declared in the Rajya Sabha of the Indian parliament that the National Register of Citizens (NRC) would be implemented throughout the country. While in December 2019, he introduced the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, which grants Indian citizenship to religiously persecuted minority communities who migrated to the country before 2015 from the Muslim-majority countries of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.

Shah emerged as one of the most powerful leaders in Gujarat during Modi’s twelve-year tenure as the Gujarat CM. Union Home Minister Amit Shah has relinquished the BJP presidency after a five-and-a-half-year stint, honouring the ‘one person, one post’ principle. The era since 2014 for the BJP hence is often been labelled the ‘Modi-Shah’ era. Under his leadership, the BJP has become the world’s largest political organization with 18 crore members.

He also led the BJP to its greatest electoral success, as it formed governments in 21 states since Rajiv Gandhi’s Congress in 1984. The Modi-Shah era is etched in history as the BJP’s expansionist phase, which turned the country’s politics bipolar and sidelined many regional satraps.

Recently he distributed 200 electric potter wheels to members of Kumhar community residing in 20 villages in Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad to achieve the goal of ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’.

Shah took over as BJP president from Rajnath Singh in 2014 after the latter became a home minister under the first Modi government. Under Shah, the BJP was able to capture Uttar Pradesh like never before, not even at the height of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement in Ayodhya. In 2017, under Shah’s leadership, the BJP romped to victory in the assembly elections, a number that has been not achieved in 40 years.

Shah’s innovative strategies and emphasis on reaching grassroots have made BJP claim over 18 crore members, making it the largest political organization in the world. Shah’s era also saw the rise of the BJP’s massive social media support base. Shah also made it possible for the BJP to train seven lakh workers every year.

A man with an avowed goal of “panchayat to Parliament” of having the BJP rule, Amit Shah has built his party into a formidable army, turning India more saffron than it has ever been. He is an astute strategist. He combines BJP’s core Hindutva plank with a hardcore nationalism agenda and set up a huge ground-level organizational setup to execute it — the Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) ‘Chanakya’.

Amit Shah has uses a skilful mix of ideological firmness, unlimited political imagination and realpolitik flexibility to keep the BJP ahead of the game. He even offered a generous seat-sharing deal to the Hindutva ally for the all-important Lok Sabha polls and combined the agenda with the Modi government’s development plank to chase backward castes and support its traditional base of upper castes to take on a formidable SP-BSP combine.

Amit Shah is a firm believer in the prerequisite of a strong ground-level organizational machinery since starting at the booth level for the party in Gujarat for poll successes. As a Modi confidante, Shah brought cohesion between the government and the party. Shah believes that the country needs to adopt ‘Chanakya Neeti’ to make itself stronger.

Shah follows Chanakya’s teachings in ‘internal security’ problems of the country like defence, internal security and establishing rule of law and monopoly over violence in its territory.” The first legislation Amit Shah introduced in the Lok Sabha as Home Minister was Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill. This bill has provisions for the reservation to people living within 10km of the International Border in educational institutions and government jobs, where Shah used the policy of conciliation to embrace the people of the state.

He further criticized the policy of providing ‘security’ to separatist leaders. Amit Shah has further focused on choking the funding sources of terrorists. He says that the counter-terrorism operations will be in concurrence with the crackdown on separatist leaders who have been the source of funding for the terrorists. He even dealt with the strategy of countering Maoist terror.

Shah became the sidelined of their political rivals. Shah piloted Gujarat Control of Organised Crime (Amendment) Bill through the Gujarat State Assembly and played an important role in convincing the Modi government to pass the Gujarat Freedom of Religion Bill, which made religious conversions difficult in the state of Gujarat.

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