- Thursday at 12:42 pm China launched its first independent probe named Tianwen-1
- The rover will reach by February 2021 to Mars
- China’s Long March-5 rocket was launched from Hainan
Today, China launched its first Independent probe named Tianwen-1 to Mars at 12:42 pm, It was launched from the southern island province of Hainan Island. It includes an orbiter and a rover and it is expected to enter Mars in February 2021 to explore the planet for 90 days, according to China National Space Administration (CNSA).
The probe consists of an orbiter, a lander and a rover. Bao Weimin an academic of the Chinese Academy of science said landing is the most difficult part of the mission as involves four steps which will take 7 to 8 minutes. The lander and the rover will make a soft landing. The orbiter will remain in the orbit for this operation and relay signals when the lander-rover combination makes a free descent and landing.
This mission has three objectives, first orbiting the red planet for complete observation, landing on Martian soil, and sending a rover to traverse the arrival site. It will conduct scientific inquiries into the planet’s soil, environment, geological study, atmosphere and water etc.
The name Tainwen-1 means ‘question to heaven’ in Mandarin. Human exploration of Mars has been going on for decades. This is the second time China has tried to send a probe to Mars, Nine years ago with Russia, China sent ‘Yinghuo-1’ which was later declared to be lost.