- India has launched its first manned ocean mission, ‘Samudrayan’, with six other nations
- Mission ‘Samudrayan’ is helmed by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT)
- This mission will be conducted to explore the deep ocean depths for further studies and research about the ocean
India has launched its first manned ocean mission, ‘Samudrayan’, with six other nations. This mission will be conducted to explore the deep ocean depths for further studies and research about the ocean. Union Minister Jitendra Singh shed light on India’s progressive growth towards science and technology while declaring the initiative on Friday and said that when an Indian goes up into space as part of the Gaganyan programme, another would dive deep into the ocean.
A tweet by the union minister read, “Launched India’s First Manned Ocean Mission #Samudrayan at #Chennai. India joins the elite club of select nations USA, Russia, Japan, France & China having such underwater vehicles. A new chapter opens to explore ocean resources for drinking water, clean energy & blue economy.”
Mission ‘Samudrayan’ is helmed by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), and will be a part of the Rs. 6000 Crore Deep Ocean Mission. A deep-sea vehicle named Matsya 6000 is designed to carry three people in a titanium alloy personal sphere of a 2.1-meter diameter enclosed space. The deep-sea vehicle is specifically designed to endure 12 hours and additional 96 hours are incorporated for emergency situations. It can reach up to the depth of 1000 to 5500 meters. An official has stated that Matsya 6000 will be ready for trial by December 2024.
The technology by which the Matsya 6000 has been designed enables it to carry out deep ocean exploration of non-living resources such as polymetallic manganese nodules, gas hydrates, hydro-thermal sulphides, and cobalt crusts. The vehicle will navigate through the deep-sea floor with six-degree freedom using a battery-powered propulsion system for 4 hours at 6000-meter depth, according to the release. “Basically, this vehicle is a platform to carry any devices, sensors, etc. to deep-sea for doing experiments/observations in the presence of a human being,” the official said.
The mission will enhance India’s capability for better infrastructure facilities such as high thickness welding facilities and deep ocean simulators. The Deep Ocean Mission is approved by the government and will be implemented by the Union ministry of earth sciences at a total budget of Rs. 4,077 crore for 5 years.