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Within a period of two months, India has tested 11 missiles including the latest successful testing of BrahMos. The recent testing of BrahMos is a new version of the surface-to-surface supersonic missile along with the anti-radiation missile Rudram-1. Shaurya is another one that was test-fired as a laser-guided anti-tank ruled missile and nuclear-capable hypersonic missile.

Conducted in a time span of just over two months, India’s missile testing spree began with the launch of HSTDV. Supposedly, HSTDV is a program that feeds into India’s hypersonic and long-range cruise missiles’ development efforts.

The 11 missiles and weapon systems India tested are hypersonic technology demonstrator vehicle (HSTDV), ABHYAS – High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) vehicles, a laser-guided anti-tank guided missile at Ahmednagar in Maharashtra, Prithvi-II test-fired from Balasore, Odisha, Extended range of BrahMos supersonic cruise, Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM), Shaurya missile, SMART torpedo system which is essential for anti-submarine warfare (ASW) operations, Rudram-1, and BrahMos.

The first Indigenously-developed hypersonic technology was tested off the coast in Odisha on September 7. It is essential to power cruise missiles and long-range missile systems for the future. The second was also tested off the Odisha coast on September 22 which aims for a target for evaluation of various missile systems. DRDO test-fires can be used to defeat “protected armored vehicles by explosive reactive armor (ERA)”.

While Prithvi II uses an advanced inertial guidance system with a maneuvering trajectory to hit its target, India also developed anti-submarine warfare and had successfully test-fired the missile which goes far beyond the torpedo range.

Rudram being the first indigenous anti-radiation missile that can detect enemy radars on the ground. While the latest naval version on BrahMos was tested off at INS Chennai that has a specialty of indigenously-built stealth destroyer.

The testing of the missiles came amid the border row tensions between India and China along the Lines of Actual Control, which resulted in border clashes and the killing of soldiers. For the same, India has deployed a number of BrahMos missiles along the border in Eastern Ladakh. Ahead of the military talks and continuous efforts of the Indian side to de-escalate the situation along the de-facto border with China in Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh, China is not backing up and hence India is taking steps to prepare for the worst.

The previous year, in May the Indian Air Force successfully test-fired the aerial version of the BrahMos missile from a Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft amid the tensions. The testing of the new missiles has extended the attack version to 400km from 290km.

The recent satellite images from LAC derived has shown a sudden movement in China’s deployment of surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) at new locations and heights along the LAC in Tibet. Reportedly the Chinese missile sites have also come near some areas bordering near to Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Ladakh.

Hence India is getting prepared for the possible threat. A video that surfaced shown rows of T-90 tanks and BMP vehicles in Chumar-Demchock, sending a clear message about the Indian troops being prepared and determined to strengthen security in the harsh territory.

China and Pakistan should both be afraid of India’s preparedness to attack back hard. India’s national security establishment is anxious by Pakistan’s test of the short-range nuclear-capable Ghaznavi missile which the Indian troops believe is part of Islamabad’s continued saber-rattling over the Kashmir issue to internationalize India’s move to bifurcate the state into two union territories.

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