Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, famously known as Maulana Azad, was the first Education Minister of independent India, born on 11 November 1888. His birthday is observed as National Education Day for the last 12 years that initiated in 2008 as he always focused on the delivery of education, considering it a birthright of every individual.

Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussain Azad established the education society in India, who was a senior Congress leader, an eminent scholar, Islamic theologian, and independence activist. He was not only a politician but also an Urdu poet who penned innumerable poems, Ghazals, and Shayaris.

To name some, Armaghan-e-Farakh, Ghubar-e-Khatir, Tazkirah, Tarjumanul Quran, etc are his remarkable publish that still marks an everlasting impact on the senses. Apart from depicting love, beauty, and other emotions through his write-ups, Azad also expressed the political struggles into his piece of excellence to disseminate the values to the common people.

Talking about some famous and noteworthy Ghazals of Maulana Azad is ‘In Shokh hasionon ki ada aur hi uchh hai’ and ‘Kyun asir-e-gesu-e-Kham-dare-e-qatil ho gaya’, etc that still rings. One of his magnificent masterpieces that recognize his immense ability in which he narrated ‘Ghubar-e-Khatir’ that composed of only 24 letters through which he addressed Maulana Habibur Rahman Khan Sherwani.

During the initial years after independence, India was still under the rule of widespread illiteracy and exploitation. Maulana Azad then instilled the need for incorporating education into the developmental artifacts of the country, which he called the ‘fundamental need’ of the hour. He always said, “Education imparted by heart can bring revolution in the society.”

As the Chairman of the Central Advisory Board of Education, Azad imparted a great thrust to Adult Education and Literacy along with stressing the diverse routes of secondary education, vocational training apart from elementary education.

Maulana Azad Ji has not only spoke about the propagation of education but also worked immensely to bring a visible revolution in the Indian society for which he took several steps to establish some of the strongest educational hubs of India.

Many people don’t know that the main inspiration behind the foundation of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) was geared up by Maulana Azad in 1951. Moreover, the Central Institute of Education, Delhi that later on re-structured as the Department of Education of Delhi University was formed under his active leadership.

He was also the founder of Jamila Milia Islamia University and was also responsible for the setting up of the University Grants Commission in 1953. Apart from spreading the true value of education, he also promoted education among the backward sections of society. Azad’s far-sighted vision in the progress of the educational system in Indian society was so strong and determined that even today his contributions stay at top priority. He was and will always be one of the best examples of political figures who believed to ink out a true image of the system in which he fulfilled his duties in every role that was given to him in its true colors and senses.

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Joint Editor


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