February 28 has been observed as the ‘National Science Day’ since 1987. The day was selected and denoted as National Science Day because on this day, in 1928, the great Indian physicist Dr. C. V. Raman had discovered the famous ‘Raman effect’. He was also awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930 for the same. 

Coming to the Raman effect, it is also known as ‘Raman scattering’. As per the research, the wavelength of the light scatters when the light is reflected on a particular object. It was discovered by CV Raman in the 19th century.

Hailing back to history, in the year 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) had urged the Government of India to designate February 28 as National Science Day. On the occasion of the first NSD, NCSTC had announced the institution of the National Science Popularization awards for recognizing outstanding efforts in the area of science and communication. The day is marked with public speeches, science movies, science exhibitions based on themes and concepts, debates, and many more.

Talking about India’s history on scientific interventions, it emerges from the oldest civilization of Indus Valley, and from then the wheels of scientific innovations are continuously moving and reach greater heights. The irrigation system, standardizations, formal building structures, etc were all started in Indus Valley Civilization only. In 6th BCE, Sushruta knew about Cataract surgery.

India is also known for the origin of the spinning wheel and then from India, it reached Europe and other countries. Indian scientists like Acharya Pingala, Aryabhatta, etc are known for mathematical inventions that aided the world at a different level. Trigonometry, Zero, etc were invented by magnificent Indian scientists.

The invention of the incredible ‘Iron Pillar’ of Delhi is the world’s first iron pillar whose high resistance to corrosion keeps every scientist of the world in vague behind the reason. Dr. JC Bose’s excellent invention of the Crescograph turned the standard of botany to a next level that helped in measuring the growth of plants.

India is credited with the discoveries and inventions from shampoo to the shearing interferometer, from Genetics to Games, from Maths to Medicine, and in every other field. Computer Science Programming, space, linguistics, metrology, etc are included in the list of Indian discoveries. Innovation and India are co-existing elements that have always shown exemplary examples in the field of science and other fields.


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