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On Monday, the NATO leaders declared that China is posing a constant security challenge and sabotaging global order. They also mentioned that they are worried about how fast the Chinese are developing nuclear missiles.

In its summit statement, the leaders said that China’s goals and decisive behavior present challenges to the rules-based international order and also to areas applicable to alliance security.

On the one hand, 30 heads of State and government have refrained from calling China the enemy. They expressed their concern about what they said was its “coercive policies,” the smeared ways it is developing its armed forces, and its use of disinformation.

The statement came in as US President Joe Biden came forward in his effort to rally allies to speak in a more united voice about China’s human rights record, its trade practices, and its military’s increasingly hostile behavior that has discouraged US allies in the Pacific.

Biden arrived at the summit after three days of consulting with Group of Seven allies in England. He pushed for the G-7 statement that called out what it said were forced labour practices and other human rights violations that have impacted Uyghur Muslims and other ethnic minorities in the western Xinjiang province.