Today is the birth anniversary of renowned Nobel Laureate, Bharat Ratna Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman who was the pioneer of the field of optics. He had discovered a property of light which is known as the Raman Effect, for this he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
Sir CV Raman was born on 7 November 1888 to Tamil Brahmin parents in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu. At the age of 16, he had topped the undergraduate degree examination at the University of Madras with honors in Physics. After 5 years he had completed his Masters in Science Degree with the highest distinctions from the University of Madras.
He was only 19 when he had joined Indian Finance Service in the City of Joy, Kolkata as an Assistant Accountant general. It was during those days when he became familiarized with the first research institute in India, the Indian Association for Cultivation of Science (IACS). It was there where he had done independent research in his interesting field of study and where he had made the major contributions in acoustics and optics. While he was still a graduate in 1906, his first paper on ‘diffraction of light’ was published.
Back in 1917, he was appointed as the first Palit Professor for Physics at the Rajabazaar College under the University of Calcutta by Ashutosh Mukherjee. After working for 15 years at the University of Calcutta, Raman accepted the Indian institute of science in 1933 at Bengaluru.
In 1948, he had established the Raman institute of research in Bangalore and had become the director of the Institute. On his first trip to Europe, seeing the Mediterranean Sea motivated him to correctly describe the reason for the blue colour of the sea as a phenomenon of diffraction. In 1926, he found the Indian Journal of physics. In 1954, the Government of India honoured him with the prestigious Bharat Ratna Award which is the highest Civilian Award in the country.