February 14, 2019, was the black day of Indian history that witnessed the martyr of 40 CRPF personnel in Pulwama, Jammu & Kashmir that shook the entire nation with incredible pain and tenderness. Pakistan-based, Jaish-e-Mohammed was responsible for this where a suicide bomber was planted who brought an explosive-full vehicle closer to the CRPF convoy near Awantipora at the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway and Kashmir’s Pulwama district. Adil Ahmad Dar, 22 years old was a local Kashmiri youth from the Pulwama district who had been used as the suicide bomber and was in the vehicle that struck the bus and made the blast.

After the Pulwama incident, JeM released a video of the assailant Adil who had supposedly joined the group, a year earlier. Pakistan-based Islamist terrorist group, Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed the responsibility for the attack. India blamed Pak for the attack, while the latter denied and condemned the attack and said they had no connections to it. The attack severely hampered the Indo-Pak relationships, consequently resulting in the 2019 India–Pakistan military standoff.

It was reported that 78 buses were there in the convoy and the attack was conducted near Awantipora leaving many others injured. National Investigation Agency’s 12-member team investigated the attack alongside J&K police. The probe indicated that the car was carrying more than 300 kilograms (660 lb) of explosives, including 80 kilograms (180 lb) of RDX, a high explosive and ammonium nitrate. The explosives might have been stolen from a construction site, said Lt Gen Hooda. NIA later confirmed the identity of the suicide bombers which matched with Adil Ahmad Dar’s father.

After the attack, FATF was requested by the government of India to put Pakistan on the blacklist and hence the global anti-terrorist body decided to keep it on the ‘grey list’ and asked the country to comply with 27 conditions it had laid down in June 2018 and said that if Pak fails to do so, it would be added to the blacklist. The state administration, on 17 February, revoked security provisions for separatist leaders. Twelve Mirage 2000 jets of the IAF crossed the Line of Control (LoC) on February 26, and dropped bombs into Balakot, Pakistan. Regarding the attack, Pak claimed that they quickly scrambled jets to intercept the IAF jets, who dropped their payloads to quickly return over the Line of Control.

The Pakistan Air Force conducted an airstrike into Jammu and Kashmir on February 27 in retaliation for the Indian airstrike the day before. In the ensuing dogfight between these 2 country’s jets, an Indian MiG-21 was shot down over Pak territory and Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman was captured who was later released on March 1.

The Pulwama incident is just not one such terrorist attack on the security personnel but is one amongst the deadliest ones. The terrorists seem to follow a specific pattern in which they have been attacking the security personnel of India. Since 2015, such a pattern was observed, using a suicide bomber. In 2015, Gurdaspur had seen a terror attack where three gunmen attacked a bus stand and a police station.

While in 2016’s early, four to six gunmen had attacked the Pathankot Air Force Station. Pampore’s eight security personnel were also killed in February and June 2016. Indian Army brigade headquarters were attacked in 2016 by 4 assailants killing 19 soldiers. Lethpora Commando Training Centre was attacked in December 2017 by militants killing five security personnel. 

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