Highlights:
• Manabe, Hasselmann, and Parisi were awarded the prestigious prize because of their contributions to the understanding of complex physical systems
• The winners of the 2021 Nobel Prize for physics were announced on Tuesday by Goran Hansson
• The Nobel Prize given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is worth 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.15 million)

Scientists Syukuro Manabe from Japan, Klaus Hasselmann from Germany, and Giorgio Parisi from Italy were awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize for physics because of their groundbreaking contributions to the understanding of complex physical systems.

Both Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann won the prize for their work in analyzing Earth’s climate, quantifying variability, and making predictions about global warming. Giorgio Parisi was praised for discovering how disorder and fluctuations interact in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.

Goran Hansson, the secretary-general of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, announced the 2021 Nobel Prize winners for physics. The prestigious prize given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is worth around 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.15 million).

The official Nobel Prize Twitter account posted several tweets and said that Syukuro Manabe’s work laid the foundation for the development of current climate models.

In another tweet, the account mentioned that Klaus Hasselmann created a model that links weather and climate together, and his methods have been used to prove that human emissions of carbon dioxide are responsible for the increased temperature.

The account also mentioned that Giorgio Parisi discovered hidden patterns in disordered complex materials, and mentioned that his discoveries are among the most important contributions to complex systems’ theory.

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