World Food Day is dedicated to eradicating the global hunger crisis. For a long time, a specialized agency, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN is taking responsibility for leading efforts to defeat hunger. Chronic undernourishment is a major global issue which has affected over 820 million people, with women grabbing 60 percent and over five million children under five years of age dying are already is a deep well of malnutrition-related causes.
The theme for this year aims at promoting awareness about food and nutrition, healthy diets for a Zero Hunger World. In addition to obesity, unhealthy diets are leading to foodborne diseases such as cardiovascular problems, diabetes, and certain cancers. Today’s world is becoming more prone and attracted to junks. Zero hunger World aims that everybody should have access to healthy, nutrient-dense, and wholesome food.
World facing hunger problem:
The catastrophes of hunger can have many base related problems such as civil wars, poor harvest, drought periods, floods, terror and expulsion of people. Researchers found that chicken production plays a significant role in alleviating hunger and poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. Children are especially affected by malnutrition and hunger diseases through poverty. Of all child mortality around 1/3 is caused by malnutrition. Malnutrition is an important risk factor.
There are many causes that affect malnutrition in children and people are more prone to foodborne disease. One of the major causes of damage or destroyed crops are extreme weather events and changes in temperature and precipitation. Whereas interruption in the transportation and delivery of food, changes in agricultural ranges, practices, and changing environmental conditions can reduce the availability and nutritional content of food supplies.
Increased drought in some areas encourages crop pests which may contribute to the development of liver disease in people who eat contaminated corn or nuts. The spread of agricultural pests and weeds may lead to increased use of pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides which indirectly affects the human body and their immune system.
Extreme weather can contaminate crops and fisheries with metals, chemicals, and toxicants released into the environment. The potential contaminant-induced immune suppression is affected by increased temperatures and impacts on other environmental parameters which can lead to more virulent strains of existing pathogens and changes in their distribution or emergence of new pathogens. All these can result in an increase in many Vibrio bacteria species, which can cause seafood-borne diseases, such as cholera.
Mitigation and Adaptation:
The more adaptation we make in our daily lives will indirectly have a positive effect on us. One of which is diversification of stable crops for biofuel feedstock and planning for maintenance of food supply infrastructure and transportation during extreme weather events.
Projecting impacts of climate change, understanding, and predicting potential ecosystem changes from climate change that may establish new foodborne pathogens can eradicate the early causes of the diseases. Also by understanding the changes in nutritional status associated with climate change can help with the availability of healthy and full-grown foods and raw materials.
Researchers claim that by developing and implementing models linking climate change and other environmental data to crops and seafood to improve prediction and risk assessment. This year, World Food Day calls for strict steps and actions across different sectors across the globe to make healthy and sustainable diets affordable and accessible to everyone.