World Poverty Eradication Day aims to raise awareness among the people who are struggling amidst extreme poverty. Reportedly India had 73 million people living in extreme poverty which makes up 6.5% of its total population. Reportedly the global rate for extreme could rise by 0.3 to 0.7 percentage points, to around 9 percent in 2020. This is a global issue calls for dealing with by the international community. This year’s theme is to act together ‘to achieve social and environmental justice for all’. Studies have shown that social and environmental justice are inseparably intertwined.
Covid-19 has resulted in double-crisis:
The lack of employment which provides a liveable wage in rural areas is driving many Indians into rapidly growing metropolitan areas where most of them expect a life of poverty and despair in the mega-slums, made up of millions of corrugated ironworks, without sufficient drinking water supply, without garbage disposal and in many cases without electricity. COVID-19 pandemic can push up to 115 million people into poverty by 2021 as the pandemic is having a marked effect on workers in developing countries. While women are at greatest risk because of losing their jobs, and less likely to have social protection.
Prevalence and depth of poverty are both affecting climate change, thereby contributing to inequality. Henceforth, the upcoming report of UNDP focuses on how to rekindle relationships with nature and aims to improve people’s lives. UNDP for the year 2020 has set a goal to help countries not only to merely recover from the pandemic’s devastating socio-economic effects but to help them internally to build forward better towards an inclusive green economy. It aims to transform the unsustainable production and consumption patterns, tackle the structural causes of social, decouple economic growth from environmental degradation and eradicate environmental inequalities in our societies
Impacts of poverty in India:
Poverty in India impacts children, families and individuals in a variety of different ways which degrades socio-economic stability. High infant mortality, malnutrition, child labour, lack of education, child marriage and HIV / AIDS are some of the factors that pile up in poverty. Children living in poverty lack access to quality education and deprived to get enough nutrition, thus diminishing both their economic opportunities and life expectancy.
Studies have shown that impoverished families often send their children to work, as a result, child labour becomes an increasingly difficult challenge to overcome. Despite the unprecedented levels of economic development and technological advancement, millions of people are in moral outrage. Poverty derives the poor from getting their basic needs and support to stay healthy. They are pushed to work in dangerous work conditions, have unsafe housing, lack of nutritious food, unequal access to justice, lack of political power and limited access to health care.
We can help provide with safe and nurturing home, give them quality education and make them learn their freedom and rights, healthcare, nutritious food etc.
Global poverty scenario:
Nearly 22,000 children die each day due to living in poverty. Children in developing countries aged zero to 12 comprise a third of all poor globally. Global poverty has decreased by half over the last decade; however, 71 percent of the population still live in low-income or poor conditions. Nearly 2.8 billion people rely on wood chips, crop waste, or animal dung for cooking and heating their homes.
Supposedly around 800 children who are under the age of five die every hour. Five countries contain three-fifths of the world’s extreme poor. Which includes Bangladesh, China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, India and Nigeria and about 30 percent of the total tally live in India. By maintaining the current rate of progress together by different nations together, poverty should reach its target eradication around 2025-2030.